What Should Be Included in a Loan Agreement?

Whether you’re lending money to friends or major corporations, you need to have a clear and binding contract that states the terms of your loan. These include transaction information, payment information and the interest rate.


The first part of the agreement should identify both parties by their full legal names. This should also include their Social Security numbers or other identification numbers.

It is a contract between the lender and the borrower

Loan agreements (also known as facilities agreements) are a contract between the lender and borrower that regulates the terms of a financial agreement. The contract includes loan details, collateral, required reporting and covenants. In addition, it may include default clauses and guarantor/successor information. A loan agreement is a legal document that must be signed by both parties to be binding. Zoe Watson, solicitor in Frettens’ Corporate and Commercial Team, explains the importance of a loan agreement, outlines what should be included within one and discusses the role of the Consumer Credit Act 1974 when lending money to family and friends.

The main purpose of a loan agreement is to protect both parties. It provides proof that a specific amount of money has been borrowed, establishes a plan for repayment and sets out the consequences of nonpayment. It also prevents disputes over the terms and conditions of a loan.

Although many of the items in a loan agreement are standard, it is important to carefully review all of its components before signing. The document should include all necessary details, including the name and full legal address of the borrower and the lender. It should also list any collateral and describe the loan’s interest rate, term, payment schedule and other key terms. It should also specify if there are prepayment options or penalties for missing payments.

It is a legal document

A loan agreement is a legal document that outlines all the terms and conditions of a loan. It is typically a written document that specifies the amount of money borrowed or lent, interest rates, repayment terms and collateral requirements. The document should also state the lender’s expectations of the borrower, which can be broken down into positive covenants, negative covenants and reporting obligations.

Most business loan agreements include the borrower information at the beginning of the document, along with their address and other identifying information. This information is often required by the lender in order to verify the identity of the borrower. If a co-signer is involved in the transaction, their information should be included as well.

The next section of a business loan agreement includes the transaction details. This includes the amount of money borrowed, the interest rate and whether the interest is compounding or simple. It also contains the repayment terms, which can be either installment payments or a lump sum payment. Many loans also require collateral or a personal guarantee. The loan agreement should also state what constitutes default, which may be defined as a failure to make payment on demand or an inability to meet the agreed upon interest payments.

A loan agreement should be signed by both parties and dated. It is usually a good idea to have a business attorney review the document before signing. They can help you avoid costly mistakes by highlighting any red flags.

It is a form of agreement

A loan agreement is a legal document that details how much money is borrowed and the terms of repayment. It also states what happens if the borrower defaults. Depending on the type of loan, there are different sections that must be included in the document. Some sections include transaction details, collateral requirements, reporting requirements, and covenants.

The first section of a loan agreement will list the parties involved in the agreement. This is important because it will help to identify who is being loaned the money and who is providing the funds. This is particularly important if there are multiple borrowers. In this section, you should write down the borrower’s full legal name and include their address. If the borrower is a business, you should write down their full company name, such as “LLC” or “Inc.”

The second section of the loan agreement outlines the lender’s expectations of the borrower. These are usually broken down into positive covenants, negative covenants, and reporting requirements, according to Kakebeen. There is also a section that specifies what constitutes default, such as failure to pay interest or a late payment. Some loan agreements require payment on demand, meaning that the lender can call for the loan to be paid anytime. Others specify a specific date in which all principal and interest must be paid.

It is a good idea to have one drafted

Regardless of whether you are borrowing money from family and friends or a business, it is always a good idea to have a loan agreement drafted. This ensures that the terms of the loan are clearly laid out and avoids issues or arguments later on. It can also protect you from exploitation and prevents the lender from changing the terms of your loan at will.

A standard loan agreement will contain a number of sections, including the borrower’s information, the transaction information and payment details. It should also include a statement of the principal amount of the loan and an expiration date. Lastly, the agreement should detail who will sign it and what the legal consequences are if one party fails to comply with its terms.

Another important provision is a personal recourse clause, which allows the lender to recover funds from the borrower’s personal assets in the event of a breach. This is especially helpful if you are lending money to family or friends, as it will help you protect your relationship.

You can find loan agreement templates online and in many places. Most of them will include options that you may not need, but you should make sure to check whether there is a place for the name of the co-signer (or guarantor) and if there are any special provisions like an escrow agreement or security deposit.