Dental Prosthetics Made From a Variety of Materials

Dental prosthetics are made from a variety of materials that ensure comfort and longevity. It is important to consult with a denturist who knows these materials so that your dental prosthesis will be perfectly adapted to your unique needs.

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Dental bridges use your natural teeth to anchor crowns and fill in a missing gap between them with artificial teeth (pontics). Healing times for these types of bridges vary.

Fixed Complete Dentures

A complete denture replaces all of your natural teeth in the upper and lower jaw. It’s made of plastic and looks and feels like your natural teeth. You can smile with confidence again.

Your dentist will advise you on the most appropriate type of denture for you. He will also discuss your treatment costs and submit them to your statutory health insurance.

Fixed complete dentures are usually held in place by dental implants, which are surgically placed under local anesthesia. The abutments that anchor the implant are placed at precisely planned angles and positions to ensure support and avoid interference with anatomical structures. This is important because the implant’s abutments form the foundation for the future crown. Once the abutments are in place, a screw-retained or cementation prosthesis can be fabricated over a series of appointments by your dentist and a CDT. This method of retention offers excellent clinical long term results and makes it easy to retrieve the acrylic resin or artificial denture teeth if they become worn. The resulting prosthesis is extremely stable, which means you can eat anything and speak normally with no worries.

Fixed Partial Dentures

Fixed partial dentures (fpds) are a great option for people with missing teeth in their upper or lower arches. They fill the spaces left by missing teeth, and also prevent nearby healthy teeth from shifting. They’re typically made from acrylic, composite resin, or zirconia, which is a ceramic substance that’s becoming increasingly popular for dental crowns and bridges.

Despite their many advantages, they can increase plaque buildup on the adjacent natural teeth, leading to tooth decay and gum disease. They can also cause damage to the abutment teeth because of frequent pressure or movement. However, proper cleaning and maintenance can prevent this.

It’s important that a fixed partial denture has sufficient resistance to horizontal, vertical, and occlusal forces for stability and support. Otherwise, they may debond, fracture, deteriorate, and loosen. In addition, if the framework and clasp design lack sufficient resistance, they can cause abrasion of the surrounding and supporting soft tissues and teeth. A proper framework design with adequate clasps can help minimize this problem. This is particularly common with acid-etch retainers, which can result in a high rate of debonding.

Removable Partial Dentures

Removable partial dentures replace missing teeth and restore the appearance of your smile. They also help to prevent nearby teeth from shifting position and can make chewing and speaking more comfortable. Your removable denture should be brushed and flossed daily to remove food debris and prevent mouth sores or infections. Regular visits to your dentist are also important for general checkups and to ensure that your removable partial dentures continue to fit properly.

Conventional RPDs are usually bilateral and have a major connector which bridges both sides of the edentulous ridge. Some patients cannot or will not tolerate this extensive appliance. For these cases, a unilateral Co-Cr RPD can be a reasonable treatment option.

This type of partial denture has clasps which clip onto remaining teeth. These may be either tooth borne, mucosal borne or a combination of both. The design should where possible be streamlined to minimise soft tissue coverage. In addition the abutments should be accurately selected to ensure that the prothesis is well supported and retained. In this case, a classical Kennedy class I RPD has been designed with an occlusally-approaching clasp and reciprocating arm on tooth 17 and a cingulum rest and gingivally-approaching clasp on tooth 13. The result is an effective and reasonably stable prosthesis for the partially edentulous patient.

Veneers

Veneers are thin shells that improve the appearance of teeth that are still inside the mouth. They hide flaws such as discoloration, cracks and small gaps. Like crowns, veneers are designed to mimic the color, look and feel of natural teeth. The casual observer will have no way of knowing a person is wearing them.

There are two main types of veneers: porcelain and resin composite. Porcelain is a strong, durable material that can be tinted to match the tooth’s current color. Resin composite is less expensive and does not stain as easily.

To prepare the teeth for veneers, they are disinfected and a small amount of enamel is removed. A bonding agent is used to attach the veneers and a unique cement is used to seal them permanently in place. A dental professional will then remove excess cement, double-check the fit and make any necessary adjustments. The recovery from this procedure is quick and the new veneers should be able to withstand normal wear and tear just as well as your natural teeth.

Implants

Dental implants are a permanent solution for replacing missing teeth. They are comprised of a titanium post that replaces the root of the tooth, an abutment that connects the crown to the implant, and a custom made prosthesis that is either a single artificial tooth, a bridge or denture.

A variable amount of time is required for the implant to heal and osseointegrate with your jawbone. During this period, a prefabricated or “off-the-shelf” acrylic resin temporary restoration can be worn.

After the implant has healed, an abutment is screwed into place. A custom crown is then placed on the abutment, and the final prosthesis (single tooth, bridge or full upper/lower denture) is fabricated over a series of appointments by your dentist and Certified Dental Technician.

The most important factor for success with implants is good oral hygiene and regular professional cleanings. Certain health conditions such as uncontrolled diabetes, autoimmune diseases or blood-clotting disorders can slow down the healing process and interfere with successful integration into the bone. We will assess your medical history before recommending dental implants for you.